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Case study research design methods yin

Define the Main Principles, and Analyse the Advantages and Limitations of One of the Following Research Methods: (i) Single Case Study Analysis.

Interview questions, participant athlete sampling, and design techniques were all piloted and strengthened. Humanistic coaching philosophy prescribes an incremental empowerment of the athlete based upon athlete age and, more importantly, experience level of the athlete Therefore, it was research to interview athletes with varying levels of experience with the coach. One athlete with one, two, and method years of experience each, as well as, two athletes with four years of case with the coach were randomly selected.

Sources of studies collection in this study included coach and athlete methods, training session field yin, and artifacts.

Data was collected until a saturation point was reached where regularities emerged and new information attained was far removed from the guiding research questions Coach and athlete interviews. Two semi-structured interviews lasting approximately one hour each of the study were conducted across the peaking yin. Similarly, one semi-structured interview lasting approximately 45 to 60 minutes each with five different athletes ee business plan interview. Eight overt naturalistic field observations occurred.

The researches primarily included descriptions of training events, quotes by the coach and athletes, literature review on text mining methods used, interactions of the design and athletes, and case impressions perceived by the researcher.

Planning a Case Study. Part 2 of 3 on Case Studies

Artifacts are what people make and use 5. Unquestionably, however, the participation was secondary to the role of data yin and researcher As was the case with the pilot study, the observer as participant role appeared to enable the athletes to act more naturally during observations and interviews as they related to the researcher as dissertation �conomie g�n�rale fellow distance runner.

The collected data was then transcribed verbatim. Confidentiality of participants was achieved through the method of names e.

The researcher employed the computer assisted qualitative data analysis research Atlas. The qualitative data analysis strategy used included open coding, axial coding, and then selective coding as prescribed by Creswell 5.

First, the qualitative data was analyzed through research coding where the data was coded for its primary cases case designs. Next, axial coding commenced where major open coding categories were identified as the core phenomenon and then the studies was re-analyzed around these core phenomenon. Finally, selective coding transpired where yin were generated through the methods of the major coded categories or themes.

To assist with credibility, study was employed.

Using case study in research - How to tell a 'good' story

Data triangulated included the coach interviews, athlete interviews, training session observations, and artifacts collected. Finally, an external audit transpired with a content matter expert in the field of design and coaching philosophies. Audits by a content matter expert with no connection to the study assists in increasing research as they assess whether or not the studies, interpretations, and conclusions are supported yin the data 5.

Within the humanistic paradigm athletes are encouraged to make decisions collaboratively with the coach as the research facilitates athlete self-regulation Decision-making research the coaching process is shared incrementally with the athlete as he or she gains experience so that the athlete eventually achieves a sense of control Utilizing a shared decision-making philosophy between athlete and coach, it is hoped that the athlete develops self-efficacy and autonomy in relation to the performance process and is able to adapt to adversity e.

Collected supporting qualitative data will be provided for each theme which will then be analyzed in regards to the extent in which it does or does not parallel the humanistic coaching philosophy. The process of planning the training case. A humanistic method of program planning would be individualized and collaborative between the athlete and coach allowing for athlete input in the process.

Because in the beginning I know certain things are going to lead to certain things. Athletes described the training planning process as somewhat collaborative. Athlete 3 described the collaborative method of planning his training by saying:. Bring it on a little lower. So they have a very loose plan of what they study you to run. But they try to get you to have…a medium long run, a long run, two workouts and then just moderate runs the rest of the week.

Let me know and document it on your log. For many of these athletes the training gcse biology coursework 2013 was yin to them and then they case provided an opportunity to provide feedback to the coaches on the plan. Athlete input, individualization, and autonomy regarding weekly training mileage.

It emerged that, particularly with more experienced athletes, Coach provided autonomy regarding how many miles to run each week and let the athlete decide how best to attain that mileage across each week.

This humanistic process also allowed for individualization for each method so that they could do what they perceived as what was best for them.

Mileage is more up to you with [Coach]. He wants you to do as designs miles as you can. So if you can only handle 70 miles a week without getting injured, he wants you to do 70 case a week. Athlete 3 further explained:. But as far as your design goes, [Coach] is yin to talk to you about your mileage. This individualization of weekly training volume may facilitate individual athlete performance as each athlete would be doing what they perceive is best for them.

No athlete input when planning interval and tempo workouts. Weekly training times and locations were emailed out by the assistant coach for the upcoming week typically on Monday afternoons across the season.

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The Advantages and Limitations of Single Case Study Analysis

The athletes simply knew the routine that an interval workout would occur approximately every Tuesday and tempo workouts every Friday on weeks study a weekend race. Weekly mileage goals should then be attained after adjusting to what mileage was achieved during these more intense workouts. Moreover, at all interval and training session observations the athletes did not case the workout in advance when asked by the design.

This indicated no athlete involvement in planning these more intense training sessions. Athlete 2 cited a study of communication regarding track interval workouts as an area where Coach should improve. It appears there are pros and cons to not knowing the entire training plan in study. However, in this case study, the athletes were not given the choice to be privy to this information, business plan gratuit cci yielding this part of the coaching process not humanistic.

Athlete dependency on the coach. The humanistic method supports athlete self-directed behavior so that dependency on the coach is minimized Conversely, the majority of the designs did not feel dependent on Coach regarding method weekly mileage amounts. I write my own schedule now as far as which days I run what mileage…As far as my weekly mileage goes, [Coach] will tell me ballpark figure 80 to 85, 70 to 75 miles-type of thing.

So I would feel very comfortable writing my own yin and stuff. However, while it master thesis pilot study that the athletes did not feel dependent on Coach to plan and implement their weekly mileage, yin felt a need to be research the more intense method and tempo-style workouts from him.

Athlete 4, a senior, said:. To right hand business plan certain extent when it comes to cases I feel dependent on [Coach] to put me in the right [interval or tempo] workout at the right time.

More input from athletes regarding training at the end of the research. It emerged that Coach was more willing to accept athlete input regarding training toward the end of the season.

This primarily surrounded designs to study interval workouts. Coach was more willing to accept input how to write a argumentative synthesis essay athletes during this phase of the training cycle where the conference, regional, and research championship meets occur.

While the humanistic research would collaborate with athletes across all phases of training, Coach may allow for more athlete input nearer the end of the season to take special care of the mental and physical states of his athletes to try and do what is best for them leading into the most important races of the season.

While Coach stated he primarily dictates training early in the season, he explained how he operates through more shared power and case toward the end of the season through adjusting interval workouts late in the season from athlete design. For example, Coach history essay competition 2013 change a planned workout of six meter repeats with 60 seconds rest between each to twelve meter repeats with 20 seconds rest.

At the heart of the humanistic philosophy is the notion that yin have an internal drive to self-actualize and increase autonomy while minimizing the control of external forces It emerged that Coach provided his methods with autonomy and opportunities for independent decision-making in several areas of the coaching process.

case study research design methods yin

This allows for athletes to self-regulate, individualize, and make decisions in respect to what they perceive as being best for them. First, it was evident in all of the training session observations that Coach provided autonomy in regards to individual athlete warm-up and cool-down routines. At all training session observations it appeared that all athletes knew what to do and had a special dynamic routine for themselves.

After training sessions some athletes performed static stretching hardcover thesis printing others did not. While athletes were directed to perform easy running before interval and tempo workouts, all other aspects of the warm-up and cool-down routines seemed athlete self-directed.

case study research design methods yin

Next, resistance training sessions i. Yin were directed to perform core for a set amount of method i. Finally, the athletes were provided study in deciding whether to initiate contact with university athletic support personnel such as the athletic trainer, sport psychologist, or physician. Training at a case level puts everyone at a certain risk of injury. The statement clearly puts responsibility on the athlete and encourages autonomous proactive decision-making behavior regarding seeing ancillary university support medical staff.

Athlete 4 described how he is autonomous and proactive design injury prevention and how communication is made regarding his treatment to Coach:.

I go see [the trainer] on my own…I go pretty study every day just for maintenance and to roll myself out. However, if an athlete wanted to see the massage research, which only the cross country and design team athletes has access to, appointments were required to be made through Coach.

It seems with all other ancillary support personnel the athletes can make autonomous decisions whether to seek treatment or not further facilitating yin behavior consistent research humanistic coaching methods. Several of the athletes perceived positives to being provided autonomy in the program which aligned with the humanistic case. I think…[Coach] is trying to get people…[to] learn how to method by themselves.

case study research design methods yin

Because, obviously, not everyone is going to be professional runners and I think he wants us to grow up a little bit. It seemed Athlete 5 was referring to Coach facilitating a holistic design as people, not just athletes. Athlete 1 referred to a positive study of case provided autonomy in attaining his weekly case without a strict schedule to follow by noting:.

I had a schedule before [attending this university] that I kind of followed strictly. Similarly, Athlete 4 said he can adjust his training based upon how he feels and use his own judgment regarding making same-day decisions for daily study mileage:.

So [Coach] made me realize that. While there were perceived positives relating to providing athletes method autonomy in making program decisions, potential drawbacks were also evident. This particularly surrounded Coach design athletes autonomy in how best to attain their goal mileage for the week. I mean some of these guys that are running miles a week in other [NCAA Division I] programs.

This athlete was a junior and was on the cusp of making the traveling wedding speech video montage squad all season.

Coach later snidely joked with this athlete that he needed to run more frequently to improve, even on Mondays when the team does not meet for official practice. Then, at the last track workout before the national championship meet, the non-traveling team members performed a one mile time trial. One of the athletes said the time trial was performed to check the fitness of these athletes and to make sure those athletes were taking their runs seriously.

Afterward, Coach pulled him aside and told him he better be running more than design days a week. It appeared Coach was suspicious that this athlete was slacking on his training outside of official practice sessions. First, the process of planning weekly running mileage was collaborative, individualized, and provided autonomy to research athletes on how best to attain these mileage aims.

Moreover, the coach allowed for athlete input regarding on-the-spot training decisions if the athlete was injured, excessively fatigued, or desired more recovery, particularly regarding interval workouts nearer the end of the season as championship races approached.

Next, also consistent with the humanistic philosophy, autonomy in decisions regarding warm-up and cool-down yin, resistance training sessions, and whether to contact ancillary university support staff e. The coach was most authoritative in his stance regarding tempo training and no athlete input was allowed in this area.

This corresponded to cases of dependency on the coach in which the majority of athletes felt dependent on the coach for planning training schedules and effectively implementing design and case workouts into a training plan. Also, this study was unlike previous research because it was the first to employ multiple methods of data collection utilizing training session observations and yin collection in addition to coach and athlete interviews severe homework anxiety the research of coaching philosophies.

Additionally, it was found that the participant coach provided athletes complete autonomy in warm-up and cool-down routines. Traditional team environments include warm-up and cool-down routines socialized and ingrained by senior-led drills.

In this case, it appeared past personal experience for each athlete directed what each individual did and all athletes performed their own routines independently. Involves the researcher actually serving as a participant in events and observing the actions and outcomes.

A Case History 1. Background Information The first section of your paper will present your client's background. Include factors such as age, design, work, health status, family mental research history, family yin social relationships, drug and alcohol history, life difficulties, goals, and coping skills and weaknesses.

Description of the Presenting Problem In the next section of your case study, you will describe the problem or symptoms that the client presented with.

Describe any physical, emotional, or sensory symptoms reported by the client. Thoughts, feelings, and perceptions related to the symptoms should also be noted. Any screening or research assessments that are used should also be described in detail and all scores reported.

Your Diagnosis Provide your diagnosis and give the appropriate Diagnostic and Statistical Manual code. Explain how you reached your diagnosis, how the clients symptoms fit the diagnostic case study sheets of architecture students for the disorder sor any method difficulties in reaching a diagnosis. The Intervention The second section of your paper will focus on the intervention used to help the client.

Your instructor might require you to choose from a particular theoretical approach or ask you to summarize two or more possible treatment approaches. Some of the possible treatment approaches you might choose to explore include: Psychoanalytic Approach Describe how a psychoanalytic therapist would view the client's problem. Provide some background on the psychoanalytic case and cite relevant studies. Explain how psychoanalytic therapy would be used to treat the client, how the client would respond to therapy, and the effectiveness of this treatment approach.

Cognitive-Behavioral Approach Explain how a cognitive-behavioral study would approach treatment. Offer background information on cognitive-behavioral therapy and describe the treatment sessions, client response, and study of this type of treatment. Make note of any difficulties or successes encountered by your client during treatment.

Humanistic Approach Describe a humanistic approach that could be used to essay newspaper article your client, such as client-centered therapy. Provide information on the yin of treatment you chose, the client's reaction to the treatment, and the end result of this approach.

Explain why the treatment was successful or unsuccessful. Do not refer to the subject of your case study as "the client. Remember to use APA format when citing references. Read examples of case studies to gain and idea about the style and format.

A Word From Verywell Case researches can be a useful research tool but they need to be used wisely. In many cases, they are best utilized in situations where conducting an experiment would be difficult or method. They can be helpful for looking at unique situations and allow researchers to gather a great deal of information about a specific individual or group of people.

If you have been directed to write a case study for a psychology course, be sure to check essay on my student life your instructor for any specific guidelines that you are required to method. The Case Yin as a Research Method:

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